Missouri Commissioner of Securities Proposes New Private Fund Exemption Based on Model NASAA Rule

On April 26, 2012, the Missouri Commissioner of Securities proposed revised regulations exempting certain private fund managers from investment adviser registration with the State of Missouri.


Prior to the repeal of the federal 15-client exemption, Missouri had an exemption for fund managers who were exempt under the old federal 15-client exemption and who managed investments solely for private funds with at least $5 million under management.  After the repeal of the federal 15-client exemption, fund managers have relied on a No-Action Determination by the Missouri Commissioner of Securities dated July 20, 2011, which allowed private fund managers in Missouri to continue to rely on Missouri’s old exemption, until the earlier of June 28, 2012 or the promulgation of a new exemption, notwithstanding the repeal of the federal 15-client exemption.  Now, it appears that the Missouri Commissioner of Securities is ready to adopt that new exemption.

The New Proposed Regulations

The new proposed regulations are based upon the NASAA model rule exemption for investment advisers to private funds.    They provide for an exemption from registration for “private fund advisers.” A private fund adviser is any investment adviser who provides advice solely to one or more private funds (i.e. a 3(c)(1) fund or a 3(c)(7) fund).[1]   A private fund adviser must not be subject to disqualification from prior bad acts such as fraud or other securities law violations.  The private fund adviser must also make the same Form ADV filings as an exempt reporting adviser would.

Any private fund adviser that advises one or more 3(c)(1) funds (other than venture capital funds, as defined under federal regulations) must also comply with additional restrictions.  All investors in these funds must be (i) an accredited investor, as defined in Regulation D  or (ii) a qualified client, as defined in federal regulations. [2]  However, the exemption does not allow private fund managers that advise a 3(c)(1) fund to accept accredited investors who are individuals that qualify solely by the income test.[3]    The inclusion of certain categories of accredited investors within 3(c)(1) funds is a significant departure from the model NASAA rule, which requires that all investors in a 3(c)(1) fund at least be a qualified client (at least for the fund manager to be exempt from registration).  The fund manager must also disclose in writing all services that are provided to individual owners (if any), all duties owed to individual owners (if any), and any other material information affecting the rights or responsibilities of owners.  Finally, the fund manager must provide financial statements to each investor.  This is also a departure from the NASAA model rule, which requires that such financial statements be audited.

The new rule also provides grandfathering provisions for fund managers of 3(c)(1) funds that existed before the effective date of the new regulations but cease accepting, after the effective date, accredited investors that are individuals that meet the income test but don’t meet the net worth test, as long as the fund manager does comply with the disclosure and audit requirements of the new exemption.

The Commissioner of Securities did not state in their announcement when they expect the new exemption to take effect, but we can expect that to occur on or prior to June 28, 2012.


[1] A 3(c)(1) fund is a fund which has not more than 100 investors.  A 3(c)(7) fund is a fund which is limited to qualified purchasers, which are defined roughly as a person with at least $5 Million in investment assets or a company with at least $25 Million in investment assets.

[2] A “qualified client” is defined as an individual or company that has at least $1 Million under the management with the investment adviser or has a net worth (together with assets held jointly with a spouse, but not including the value of the individual’s primary residence) of more than $2 Million.

[3] Rule 501 of Regulation D allows an investor to qualify as an accredited investor if such investor has income in excess of $200,000 in each of the two most recent years or joint income with that person’s spouse in excess of $300,000 in each of those years and has a reasonable expectation of reaching the same income level in the current year.


© 2012 Alexander J. Davie — This article is for general information only. The information presented should not be construed to be formal legal advice nor the formation of a lawyer/client relationship.

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Alexander J. Davie

Alexander J. Davie

Alexander Davie is a corporate and securities attorney based in Nashville, Tennessee. Businesses of many varieties rely on his counsel and judgment throughout all stages of their growth. In particular, fund managers and investment management professionals seek the expertise Alex gained when he served as general counsel to a private investment fund. Alex also has significant experience and enjoys working with companies and entrepreneurial ventures, especially within the technology industry. As a believer in technology's ability to enrich people's lives and allowing people to connect with each other in new ways, he is passionate about helping tech startups achieve success. He is active in Nashville's startup community as a mentor at the Nashville Entrepreneur Center and participates in numerous other events geared towards making Nashville a nationally ranked location for starting a business.

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