Mergers & Acquisitions

Legal Considerations for Selling Your Emerging Growth Company Part 6: Negotiating the Definitive Agreement

illustration of a man signing the definitive agreement in an M&A dealWe are almost at the end of our 7-part series on selling an emerging growth company, and we have reached the stage of drafting and negotiating the definitive agreement. When we talk about the “definitive agreement” in the context of a sale of an emerging growth company, this usually refers to an asset purchase or stock purchase agreement as part of an acquisition, but when there is a true merger of the acquirer and target, the definitive agreement will be the merger agreement. The actual drafting and negotiating done by your attorney and your acquirer’s attorneys may not be all that exciting, but, for you, the owner of the target (which I’ll refer to in this post as the seller), this means you are hopefully well on your way to a successful closing.

But before a definitive agreement can be finalized, there are numerous, often challenging issues to be worked out between the acquirer and seller regarding 1) the economics of the transactions; 2) representations and warranties made by the seller; and 3) what rights the acquirer will have if it is determined the representations and warranties were untrue in any way. [Read more…]

Legal Considerations for Selling Your Emerging Growth Company Part 5: The Due Diligence Process

Business People Shaking Hands over the due diligence processThe phrase “due diligence” comes up in a wide variety of contexts in our culture and can mean anything from the reasonable type of preparation research a person does before making any kind of decision (“I did my due diligence on Yelp before making Valentine’s Day reservations”) to the specific “due diligence defense” an underwriter can present when sued for securities violations following an IPO gone bad. In the context of the sale of an emerging growth company, the due diligence process involves the potential buyer going through the records of the target company to see whether it is actually worth what the buyer hopes it is worth and to determining whether there are potential risks that would warrant not going forward with the deal.

[Read more…]

Legal Considerations for Selling Your Emerging Growth Company Part 4: The Term Sheet or Letter of Intent

A close up of a 'Letter of Intent'.If you have been following our series on the major legal steps involved in selling an emerging growth company, you know that we have already come a long way in negotiating an agreement with a financial adviser as well as entering into a non-disclosure agreement with your potential buyer. You probably would not have gotten this far in an actual deal without at least talking about the actual terms of the potential deal with the would-be buyer, but at this point it is finally time to get some of those terms on paper, even if that paper is less than legally binding and the terms remain subject to change based on the due diligence that will be conducted by the buyer. It is at this point that you and the buyer will work toward either a term sheet or letter of intent providing the preliminary framework for a potential sale of your business.

[Read more…]

Legal Considerations for Selling Your Emerging Growth Company Part 3: The Non-Disclosure Agreement

hand putting a coin in jar, saving moneyIn the previous two posts in our series on legal considerations for selling an emerging growth company, we focused on providing an overview of the M&A process as well as negotiating an engagement letter with a financial adviser. In this third installment, we will take a look at drafting a Non-Disclosure Agreement (NDA) with a potential acquirer. What makes the NDA particularly significant for an emerging growth company entering into the acquisition process is that, unlike other aspects of the sales process such as due diligence or executing a letter of intent, the NDA should be drafted with a primary focus on the needs of the target company, and not the acquirer. Thus the burden lies more with you and your company in drafting an NDA that will protect your company’s intellectual property and strategies while at the same time providing a sufficient window into a company to your potential acquirer to entice them to move forward with the transaction. With those oftentimes competing interests in mind, we will take a look at the four central questions you will need to answer in drafting and finalizing a NDA.

[Read more…]

Legal Considerations for Selling an Emerging Growth Company Part 2: Creating an Engagement Letter with a Financial Adviser

Business team working on laptop, while sitting at office. Business people.Last month, we began a seven-part series on “Legal Considerations for Selling an Emerging Growth Company,” and, in that post, we discussed six important steps in the merger and acquisitions process that emerging growth companies will need to prepare for, which are: (1) engaging a financial adviser; (2) entering into a non-disclosure agreement; (3) negotiating the term sheet or letter of intent; (4) due diligence; (5) drafting and negotiating definitive documents; and (6) closing. We will continue to dive deeper into each of these steps of the process, and this month we are focusing on the first step, which is negotiating an engagement letter with a financial adviser. [Read more…]